The art of using wood flooring started in the Neolithic age, approximately 10,000 years ago, when houses, called stilts, had wooden floors. Several millennia later, especially in Sweden and Finland, wood was still the main material for housing construction. Between the 11th and 14th centuries, churches proposed the same style for their floors, which were fixed to underlying beams with iron nails. Moreover, every European noble residence presented incorporated refined manufacturing parquet. Maria Ludovica Vertova, author of “I pavimenti lignei in Europa”, speculates that the word parquet, of French origin, had spread in the seventeenth century, when decorated wooden floors were widely adopted.
Dating back to Roman architecture, the chevron pattern is apparent throughout Europe where it became an architectural feature used to create impactful design definition. Chevron planks meet in perfect points like a long array of arrows. The pattern is also known as point de Hongrie (or Hungarian herringbone), after an embroidery stitch (known as Flame Stitch) that came into style during the 16th century. One theory historians have about the origins of the pattern is that it emerged from the marriage of two embroidery stitches popular in the 13th and 14th centuries: the Gobelin (or brick stitch) and the Hungarian (or zig-zag stitch). The resulting combination was a favourite of Princess Elizabeth of Hungary, who traveled to Perugia, Italy, so often that many believe this is how the pattern became so popular with Italians.>
The Herringbone hardwood pattern consists of planks that appear slightly staggered. It is comprised of rectangularly shaped planks with a distinctive V-shaped pattern and is distinguished from a plain chevron by the break at reversal, which makes it resemble a broken zig-zag. This elegant zig-zag design will elevate a room from the ground up. It is called herringbone because it resembles the skeleton the herring fish.